Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the included studies

Author, yearStudy designLocationPatients enrol periodNumber of patientsType of exposureAdjustment levelNOS
Chen, 202015 Case seriesTongji Hospital,
Wuhan, China.
13 January 2020–
28 February 2020
274Hypertension.
Cardiovascular disease.
Acute cardiac injury.
None.6
Deng, 202016 Case seriesHankou and Caidian branch of Tongji Hospital;
Hankou branch of Central Hospital, Wuhan, China.
1 January 2020–21 February 2020225Hypertension.
Cardiac disease.
Acute cardiac injury.
None.6
Guan, 202017 CohortNationwide, China.11 December 2019–31 January 20201590Hypertension.
Cardiovascular disease.
Multivariable-adjusted for hypertension.7
Guo, 202018 CohortSeventh Hospital,
Wuhan, China.
23 January 2020–23 February
2020
187Cardiac injury.None.7
He, 202019 CohortZhongfa Xincheng Hospital, Wuhan, China.3 February 2020–
24 February 2020
54Hypertension.
Coronary heart disease.
Acute cardiac injury.
None.7
ShiB, 202020 CohortRenmin Hospital,
Wuhan, China.
20 January 2020–
10 February 2020
416Cardiac injury.Multivariable adjusted.8
Yang, 202021 CohortJin Yin-tan hospital,
Wuhan, China.
24 Dember 2019–26 January 202052Chronic cardiac disease.
Cardiac injury.
None.7
Yuan, 202022 CohortCentral Hospital,
Wuhan, China.
1 January 2020–25 January 202027Cardiac disease.
Cardiac injury.
None.7
Zhou, 202023 CohortJinyintan Hospital and
Pulmonary Hospital,
Wuhan, China.
29 December 2019–31 January 2020191Hypertension.
Coronary heart disease.
Acute cardiac injury.
Multivariable-adjusted for coronary heart disease.8
Cao, 202024 CohortZhongnan Hospital,
Wuhan, China.
3 January 2020–1 February 2020102Hypertension.
Cardiovascular disease.
Acute cardiac injury.
None.7
  • NOS, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.