Table 3

Association between ethnicity and cardiovascular disease recurrence and mortality based on the nature of the index event

Type of index cardiovascular eventCoronary eventCoronary eventCerebrovascular event
Outcomes of interestAdjusted HR (95% CI)Adjusted HR (95% CI)*Adjusted HR (95% CI)
Major adverse cardiovascular event
 European1.001.001.00
 South Asian0.94 (0.74 to 1.20)0.95 (0.75 to 1.21)1.08 (0.48 to 2.45)
 African Caribbean1.10 (0.74 to 1.62)1.07 (0.72 to 1.57)1.18 (0.43 to 3.24)
Cardiovascular event recurrence
 European1.001.001.00
 South Asian1.00 (0.77 to 1.29)1.01 (0.78 to 1.31)2.46 (0.79 to 7.66)
 African Caribbean1.10 (0.72 to 1.69)1.07 (0.70 to 1.64)2.22 (0.57 to 8.69)
All-cause mortality
 European1.001.001.00
 South Asian0.87 (0.64 to 1.18)0.87 (0.64 to 1.18)0.85 (0.38 to 1.92)
 African Caribbean1.12 (0.67 to 1.87)1.13 (0.68 to 1.89)0.73 (0.27 to 2.00)
  • *Adding receipt of coronary intervention (percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft surgery) at the time of index event.