Table 5

Mortality and in-hospital medical complications after AMI, stratified by diabetes status

Clinical outcomesWithout diabetes (n=2008, 57.4% of 3501 participants)
(a)
Newly diagnosed diabetes (n=508, 14.5% of 3501 participants)
(b)
Established diabetes (n=985, 28.1% of 3501 participants)
(c)
P value*
(b) vs (a)
P value†
(b) vs (c)
Mortality
 In-hospital mortality1 (0.1%)03 (0.3%)0.5550.999
 30-day mortality12 (0.6%)09 (0.9%)0.0260.011
 1-year mortality32 (1.6%)5 (0.9%)35 (3.6%)0.00090.015
In-hospital medical complications
 Re-infarction28 (1.4%)6 (1.2%)9 (0.9%)0.4030.927
 Heart failure109 (5.4%)36 (7.1%)97 (9.9%)0.1760.214
 Cardiac arrhythmias151 (7.5%)32 (6.3%)65 (6.6%)0.5220.607
 Stroke/Transient ischaemic attack6 (0.3%)2 (0.4%)4 (0.4%)0.8920.912
 Haemorrhagic complications153 (7.6%)38 (7.5%)80 (8.1%)0.4890.921
  • P value numbers in bold denote statistical significance at the p<0.05 level.

  • *Unadjusted p values were testing for clinical outcomes differences between patients with newly diagnosed and no diabetes. Fisher’s exact for cells<5.

  • †Unadjusted p values were testing for clinical outcomes differences between patients with newly diagnosed and established diabetes. Fisher’s exact test for cells<5.

  • AMI, acute myocardial infarction.