Table 2

Echocardiographic and laboratory findings in patients with infective endocarditis

Total (N=419)
Affected valve
 Mitral valve257 (61.3)
 Aortic valve181 (43.2)
 Tricuspid valve34 (8.1)
 Pulmonary valve16 (3.8)
 Multiple valves70 (16.7)
 Prosthetic valve63 (15.0)
 Paravalvular complications68 (16.2)
 Associated ventricular septal defect11 (2.7)
 Vegetation size (cm)1.1 (0.7–1.6)
Preoperative laboratory findings (normal range)
 White blood cell count, ×103 (4.0–10.8)9.54 (6.92–12.95)
 Segmented neutrophil (%) (39.0–74.0)79.4 (70.3–86.5)
 Platelet count, 103/μL (150.0–400.0)202 (133–280)
 Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (mm/hour) (0.0–15.0)61 (36–83)
 C reactive protein (mg/L) (0.0–8.0)46.8 (10.3–103.0)
 Procalcitonin, ng/mL (0.00–0.50)0.35 (0.16–1.13)
Severity scales
 SOFA score1 (1–3)
 APACHE-II score6 (4–9)
  • Data are presented as median (IQR) or number (%) of patients. Normal range refers to the hospital criteria.

  • APACHE, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation; SOFA, sequential organ failure assessment.