Table 5

Demographics and biomarkers by presence or absence of metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome
No (n=976)Yes (n=168)P value*
Age at assessment, years33.89±5.2735.50±5.780.0003
Rank/NS-SEC (at sampling), n (%)
 Senior rank (NS-SEC 1)129 (13.2)10 (5.9)0.03
 Mid-rank (NS-SEC 2)213 (21.8)40 (23.8)
 Junior rank (NS-SEC 3)634 (65.0)118 (70.2)
Caucasian, n (%)881/976 (90.2)155/168 (92.3)0.48
Time from exposure/injury, years8.28±2.178.19±2.00.60
Physical activity recommendation†, n (%)598/927 (64.5)68/157 (43.3)<0.0001
6 min walk distance594.6±139.40520.61±179.20<0.0001
eGDR, mg/kg/min10.30±0.858.92±1.10<0.0001
hs-CRP, mg/L0.80 (0.45–1.70)1.73 (1.0–3.60)<0.0001
New Injury Severity Score‡12.0 (5.0–29.0)22.0 (6.0–41.0)0.012
Heart rate, min57.09±8.7964.05±10.63<0.0001
Brachial systolic blood pressure, mm Hg130.3±10.96138.7±11.67<0.0001
Aortic systolic blood pressure, mm Hg125.4±11.20135.5±11.54<0.0001
Central augmentation index, %15.43±8.4522.1±6.92<0.0001
Pulse wave velocity, m/s8.13±1.828.38±1.600.010
  • *Tests the difference between those with and without metabolic syndrome.

  • †>150 min of moderate or >75 min of vigorous recreational physical exercise per week.

  • ‡Only applies to the injured portion of the cohort.

  • eGDR, estimated glucose disposal rate; hs-CRP, high-sensitivity C reactive protein; NS-SEC, National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification.