Table 3

Association between ethnicity, cardiovascular/renal complications and all-cause death

Primary outcomeSecondary outcome
Any complicationAll-cause deathHeart failureArrhythmiaCardiac ischaemiaCardiac arrestCoagulation complicationsStrokeRenal injury
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Ethnicity (ref: white)
South Asian1.13 (1.04 to 1.22)1.27 (1.16 to 1.40)0.97 (0.78 to 1.22)0.82 (0.70 to 0.95)1.49 (1.13 to 1.98)1.83 (1.49 to 2.23)0.97 (0.81 to 1.17)1.10 (0.82 to 1.47)1.19 (1.07 to 1.31)
Black1.46 (1.30 to 1.63)1.18 (1.03 to, 1.36)1.02 (0.75 to 1.41)0.83 (0.67 to 1.04)0.78 (0.45 to 1.36)2.12 (1.62 to 2.79)1.32 (1.04 to 1.68)0.96 (0.61 to 1.51)1.77 (1.56 to 2.02)
Other1.05 (0.97 to 1.14)1.07 (0.98 to 1.16)1.00 (0.82 to 1.23)0.86 (0.74 to 0.99)1.40 (1.07 to 1.83)1.17 (0.94 to 1.47)0.96 (0.81 to 1.15)1.15 (0.88 to 1.49)1.10 (1.00 to 1.21)
  • Adjusted for sex, age and baseline cardiometabolic comorbidities.