Table 1

Patient characteristics, stratified by presence of cardiovascular complications (n=65 624)

Patients not experiencing cardiovascular complication (n=48 996)Patients experiencing cardiovascular complication (n=16 628)Standardised differences*
Sex
Male25 219 (51.5)9 672 (58.2)0.13
Female23 777 (48.5)6 956 (41.8)
Age on admission (years)71 (55, 83)78 (66, 86)0.40
Ethnicity
White41 234 (84.2)14 354 (86.3)0.07
South Asian3 056 (6.2)868 (5.2)
Black1 248 (2.6)461 (2.8)
Other3 458 (7.1)945 (5.7)
In-hospital cardiovascular complications
Arrhythmia4 446 (27.4)
Cardiac ischaemia857 (5.3)
Cardiac arrest1 370 (8.4)
Coagulation complications2 088 (12.9)
Stroke1 043 (6.4)
Heart failure2 297 (14.1)
Renal injury9 968 (60.5)
Baseline cardiometabolic comorbidities
Diabetes8 276 (16.9)4 152 (25.0)0.20
Chronic cardiac disease12 872 (26.3)7 265 (43.7)0.37
Hypertension20 552 (42.0)9 425 (56.7)0.30
Chronic kidney disease6 126 (12.5)4 362 (26.2)0.35
Obesity6 030 (12.3)2 702 (16.3)0.11
  • Data are reported as n(%) for categorical variables and median (IQR) for continuous variables.

  • *Standardised difference = difference in means or proportions divided by SE; imbalance defined as absolute value >0.10.