Table 5

Associations between relative wall thickness and incident heart failure, overall and by sex

Total sampleWomenMen
HR95% CIP valueSex interaction
P
HR95% CIP valueHR95% CIP value
Model 01.481.27 to 1.73<0.00010.1511.170.83 to 1.650.391.551.28 to 1.86<0.0001
Model 11.231.04 to 1.460.020.1010.910.62 to 1.330.621.351.12 to 1.64<0.01
Model 21.180.99 to 1.410.070.0930.830.57 to 1.230.361.331.09 to 1.61<0.01
Model 31.140.95 to 1.360.160.0750.810.55 to 1.190.281.301.06 to 1.580.01
  • Estimates are per 1-SD for relative wall thickness (SD=0.0634).

  • Model 0: Relative wall thickness alone.

  • Model 1: Relative wall thickness and sex stratified by age.

  • Model 2: Model 1+antihypertensive medication use.

  • Model 3: Model 2+body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and total/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio.