Table 2

Age-adjusted and sex-adjusted associations of high spectrum signal intensity coefficient with clinical risk factors and echocardiographic markers

Total sampleWomenMen
Est.SEP valueEst.SEP valueEst.SEP value
Female sex*−0.430.04<0.0001
Age (per SD)*0.160.02<0.00010.140.02<0.00010.180.03<0.0001
Body mass index (per SD)0.340.02<0.00010.310.02<0.00010.390.03<0.0001
Total/HDL cholesterol (per SD)0.150.02<0.00010.180.07<0.00010.130.03<0.0001
Systolic blood pressure (per SD)0.040.020.050.080.03<0.01−0.020.030.64
Antihypertensive treatment0.210.04<0.00010.250.05<0.00010.160.060.01
Diabetes0.400.06<0.00010.470.09<0.00010.350.09<0.0001
Smoking0.030.070.660.060.080.46−0.020.120.85
LVEF (per SD)−0.010.0030.01−0.010.0040.02−0.010.0050.16
E/e’ measurement (per SD)0.020.010.070.010.010.550.040.020.03
  • *Models including sex were adjusted for age only, and models including age were adjusted for sex only.

  • HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction.