Table 2

Operative variables

PEARS (n=159)
PEARS completed156 (98.1)
 Isolated aortic PEARS136 (85.5)
 PEARS+mitral valve repair18 (11.3)
 PEARS+elective CABG1 (0.6)
 PEARS+mitral valve replacement1 (0.6)
Converted to VSRR (1 with mitral valve repair)2 (1.3)
Procedure aborted1 (0.6)
Implant size (n=156)
 Scaled to 95% luminal diameter77 (49.9)
 Scaled to 100% luminal diameter79 (50.6)
Completed PEARS procedures (n=156)
 Operative duration (min)169 (145–204)
Isolated aortic PEARS (n=136)
 Operative duration (min)164 (144–200)
 CPB used29 (21.3)
 CPB time (min)60 (41–77)
VSRR (n=142)
Operative technique
 Reimplantation (David)81 (57)
 Remodelling+external annuloplasty53 (37.4)
 Remodelling (Yacoub)8 (5.6)
Aortic leaflet procedures
Tricuspid aortic valve139 (97.9)
 No repair92 (64.8)
 1 cusp repaired28 (19.7)
 2 cusps repaired11 (7.8)
 3 cusps repaired8 (5.6)
Bicuspid aortic valve3 (2.1)
 No repair1 (0.7)
 1 cusp repaired2 (1.4)
Undergoing concomitant procedure26 (18.3)
Total concomitant procedures29 (20.4)
 Mitral valve repair16 (11.3)
 PFO closure5 (3.5)
 CABG4 (2.8)
 Ablation2 (1.4)
 Extra-anatomical coeliac trunk bypass1 (0.7)
 Tricuspid valve annuloplasty1 (0.7)
Aortic cross-clamp time133 (115–161)
  • CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; PEARS, personalised external aortic root support; PFO, patent foramen ovale; VSRR, valve-sparing root replacement.