Table 1

Sample characteristics

All (N=5809)WomenMenHealthy reference sample (n=3942)
Age, mean (range)58 (50–65)58 (50–65)58 (50–65)57 (50–65)
Women, %5354
Height, cm (SD)172 (9.7)166 (6.5)179 (7.0)172 (9.7)
BMI, %
 <2535422740
 25–3044385144
 >3021202216
Smoking, %
 Never56535958
 Former34373032
 Current11111110
Alcohol intake units/week, median (IQR)2.6 (1.1–4.1)1.1 (0.4–3.8)2.6 (1.1–6.0)2.6 (1.1–4.1)
Physical activity, %
 Low57605454
 High43404646
Diabetes, %25711
Hypertension, %212022
Use of oral beta-blockers, %5,86.15.5
FEV1%predicted (SD)109 (15)109 (15)108 (14)110 (14)
Coronary artery calcium score, %
 061744667
 1–9927213525
 ≥100115198
eGFR, mL/min/1.73 m2 (IQR)88 (79–96)88 (78–96)89 (80–96)88 (79–96)
Haemoglobin, g/L (SD)142 (12)135 (9.1)149 (9.4)142 (11)
Sleep apnoea, %3.72.64.9
Coronary artery disease, %2.01.13.0
Heart failure, %0.30.30.4
  • BMI, body mass index; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; FEV1%predicted, per cent of predicted forced expiratory volume during 1 s.