Table 2

Reference ranges for measures of ambulatory heart rate

Mean heart rate (beats/min)Minimum heart rate* (beats/min)Average daytime heart rate (beats/min)Average night-time heart rate (beats/min)
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
Healthy individuals (1825 men and 2117 women)†
 Mean (SD)73 (9)76 (8)48 (7)51 (7)78 (9)81 (8)63 (9)65 (8)
Percentiles
2.5 57 61 36 39 60 65 48 51
 55963384063675053
 256771444671755760
 50 73 76 48 51 78 81 63 65
 757981535584866871
 958789606293947980
97.5 90 92 63 65 96 97 83 83
  • *Lowest average heart rate during 1 min.

  • †Based on 3942 (2117 women) healthy individuals, excluding individuals with new or known diabetes (490) or known prevalent hypertension (n=995), sleep apnoea (n=111), coronary artery disease (n=39), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n=32), heart failure (n=6) or anaemia (haemoglobin <120 g/L in women and <130 g/L in men) (n=126, missing 15) and individuals using beta-blockers (54).