Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study population

Number60
Female/male38/22
Median age (years) (range)81 (74 to 92)
NYHA I14%
NYHA II33%
NYHA III43%
NYHA IV10%
Ischaemic heart disease82%
Hypertension43%
Diabetes mellitus30%
ACE inhibitors65%
Mean (SD) daily frusemide equivalent (mg)68 (12)
Mean (SD) CHQ score
 Dyspnoea21.1 (6.3)
 Fatigue18.5 (4.8)
 Emotion34.1 (8.3)
Mean (SD) six minute walk distance (m)238.8 (51.5)
Mean (SD) heart failure score5.4 (2.0)
  • ACE, angiotensin converting enzyme; CHQ, chronic heart failure questionnaire; NYHA, New York Heart Association functional class.