Table 2

Factors related to decompensated heart failure

FactorPatients (n (%))
Coronary ischaemia24 (13.4)
Cardiac arrhythmia12 (6.7)
Uncontrolled hypertension21 (8.4)
Miscellaneous causes11 (6.1)
Non-compliance
 Dietary sodium excess77 (43.0)
 Fluid excess (⩾ 2.5 l/day)61 (34.0)
 Non-compliance with drugs42 (23.5)
Treatment before admission
 Symptoms for > 24 hours and no modification of treatment at consultation52 (29.0)