Table 1

Characteristics of the patients

PatientAge (years)PresentationOrganismStructures affectedInterval to surgery after ARA diagnosis (days)Homograft size (mm) Outcome (follow up)
10.6Fulminant hepatic failure S pneumoniae Aortic, mitral, tricuspid valves + fistulae to RA, LA, RV011Died at operation
21.2Septicaemia S aureus Aortic valve412Aortic gradient 38 mm Hg, no AR, NYHA I (7 years)
31-150 2.3Septicaemia + ARDS S pneumoniae Aortic, mitral valves1131-151 Mitral valve replacement (0.33 years), NYHA I (1.5 years)
43Hemiplegia S aureus Aortic valve513Pulmonary autograft (8.3 years), NYHA I (9 years)
51-150 13Septicaemia S aureus Aortic, mitral valves1211-151 Aortic gradient 20 mm Hg, no AR, NYHA I (7 years)
  • 1-150 Pre-existing congenital heart disease.

  • 1-151 Mitral valve debridement (and repair in patient 3).

  • ARA, aortic root abscess; ARDS, adult respiratory distress syndrome; AR, aortic regurgitation; LA, left atrium; NYHA, New York Heart Association functional class; RA, right atrium; RV, right ventricle.