Table 1

Patients characteristics

Total
(n = 63)
LVH
(n = 41)
No LVH
(n = 22)
p Value
Age (years)55  (16)58  (15)49  (18)0.04
Male/female40 / 2324 / 1716 / 6NS
Heart rate (beats/min)68 (13)69 (13)70 (13)NS
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)136 (26)139 (30)131 (15)NS
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)76 (16)74 (17)76 (16)NS
Causes of aortic regurgitation
 Degenerative13 (21%)9 (22%)4 (18%)NS
 Idiopathic20 (32%)12 (29%)8 (36%)NS
 Aortic root dilatation9 (14%)6 (15%)3 (14%)NS
 Bicuspid valve8 (13%)6 (15%)2 (9%)NS
 Infective endocarditis4 (6%)3 (7%)1 (5%)NS
 Other causes9 (14%)5 (12%)4 (18%)NS
Concomitant diseases
 Coronary artery disease12 (19%)8 (20%)4 (18%)NS
 Systemic hypertension12 (19%)9 (22%)3 (14%)NS
Drugs
 Calcium antagonists8 (13%)5 (12%)3 (14%)NS
 β Blockers12 (19%)10 (24%)2 (9%)NS
 ACE inhibitors11 (17%)8 (20%)3 (14%)NS
 Nitrates2 (3%)2 (5%)0 (0%)NS
  • Data are presented as mean (SD) or number (%) of patient group.

  • ACE, angiotensin converting enzyme; LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy.