Table 3

Comparison of cardiac arrhythmias in patients with severe yellow oleander induced poisoning and those with either accidental or intentional digoxin overdose

Cardiac rhythmFrequency (%)
Oleander intentional
(n = 89)
(n = 70)
Digoxin,12 accidental No 1
(n = 926)
Digoxin,13 accidental No 2
(n = 101)
Digoxin,14 accidental No 3
(n = 43)
Sinus bradycardia25NR4NR26
Sinus exit block/arrest62102119
Atrial fibrillation316111412
Atrial flutter141NRNR
Atrial tachycardia (± block)3231182
Junctional rhythm3NR31721
Junctional bradycardia20NRNRNRNR
Junctional tachycardia0 0 11NRNR
Junctional rhythm with block6NR0NRNR
1st degree AV blockNR4110NR33
2nd or 3rd degree AV block535720833
 (2nd/3rd degree)(38/21)(34/23)(11/9)NRNR
Bundle branch block11NRNRNR
Ventricular ectopics833524016
Ventricular tachycardia1179127
Ventricular fibrillation013<1 0 3
SA and AV block30NRNR1NR
  • AV, atrioventricular; NR, not reported; SA, sinoatrial.