Table 1

The cardiomyopathies, as defined by the World Health Organization1

Specific (secondary to external processes) Intrinsic to myocardium
Hypertensive cardiomyopathyDilated cardiomyopathy (DCM)
Valvar cardiomyopathyHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Ischaemic cardiomyopathy
Cardiomyopathy secondary to systemic disease
Inflammatory cardiomyopathy
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD)
Obliterative cardiomyopathy (OCM)