Table 3

Baseline characteristics of groups with maintained or increased (ΔEF+) and decreased (ΔEF−) ejection fraction on follow up on medical treatment

ΔEF+ (n=14) ΔEF− (n=21) p Value
Age (years)50 (16)52 (15)0.70
Severity grade of AR3.43.40.49
Follow up (months)15 (7)14 (8)0.63
Exercise capacity (min)10.2 (3.2)9.2 (2.2)0.31
Exercise capacity (METs)9.8 (3.6)8.3 (2.5)0.14
Peak RPP (× Hg)32 (6.0)30 (7.0)0.35
Resting LVIDD (mm)57 (6)54 (8)0.23
Resting LVIDS (mm)39 (4)37 (7)0.27
Resting FS (%)31 (5)32 (6)0.72
Resting LV end diastolic volume (cm3)161 (43)136 (37)0.26
Resting LV end systolic volume (cm3)71 (22)54 (16)0.01
Resting LV ejection fraction (%)56 (6)60 (5)0.01
  • Values are mean (SD).

  • AR, aortic regurgitation; ΔEF, change in ejection fraction on follow up; FS, fractional shortening; LV, left ventricular; LVIDD, left ventricular internal diameter in diastole; LVIDS, left ventricular internal diameter in systole; METs, metabolic equivalents on exercise; RPP, rate–pressure product.