Table 1

Results of major studies of pacemaker lead extraction

Locking stylets onlyConventional counter traction with telescoping sheathsLaser assisted counter traction
AuthorAltet al 6 Smithet al 11 Byrdet al 12 Kennergren9 Reiseret al 10
Number of patients105129923381491463
Number of leads extracted150219535401792249
Complete extraction (%)8186.89389.590
Partial extraction (%)127.5563
Failure (%)75.824.57
Major complications (%)
Death (%)00.60.0400.8