Table 1

Patient characteristics of those attending and not attending cardiac rehabilitation

Patient characteristics Attended or ever attended (n=111) Never attended (n=76) Statistical difference χ2
Age (mean)63.4 (SD 8.84)63.8 (SD 9.33)0.74 (ttest)
Sex-female23 (21%)20 (26%)p = 0.47
Alive (mean 10 months)110 (99%)73 (96%)p = 0.30
Previous MI24 (22%)19 (25%)p = 0.72
Previous CABG4 (4%)4 (3%)p = 0.71
Carstairs
 164 (58%)38 (50%)p = 0.382 × 3 table
 237 (33%)20 (26%)p = 0.33p < 0.001
 310 (9%)18 (24%)p = 0.01
Risk factors
 Cholesterol (>5 mmol/l)89 (80%)58 (76%)p = 0.65
 Hypertension1-150 76 (68%)45 (59%)p = 0.25
 Body mass index (> 30 kg/m2)49 (44%)29 (38%)p = 0.5
 Smoking (at discharge)12 (11%)21 (27%)p = 0.005
 Alcohol intake1-151 8 (7%)7 (9%)p = 0.82
 Exercise (< than 3 times/week)30 (27%)20 (26%)p = 0.76
 Diabetes22 (20%)14 (18%)p = 0.89
 Family history of CHD68 (63%)53 (70%)p = 0.3
Number of risk factors
 0–241 (37%)19 (25%)p = 0.112 × 3 table p < 0.001
 3–451 (46%)34 (45%)p = 0.098
 5+19 (17%)23 (30%)p = 0.05
  • 1-150 Systolic blood pressure > 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 85 mm Hg.

  • 1-151 More than 21 units for men and less than 14 units for women.

  • CABG, coronary artery bypass graft surgery; CHD, coronary heart disease; MI, myocardial infarction.