Table 1

Characteristics of the transatrial pulmonary venous inflow paths for the different cardiac phases

SystolePeak diastoleMid-diastole
LPVRPVp ValueLPVRPVp ValueLPVRPVp Value
Transit length (cm)8.1 (3.0)5.4 (1.2)< 0.057.6 (2.1)5.7 (1.5)NS7.7 (2.4)6.5 (1.2)NS
Shortest distance (cm)3.5 (0.68)4.8 (0.76)< 0.053.1 (0.91)5.0 (1.1)< 0.052.7 (0.66)4.8 (0.89)< 0.05
Detour fraction (%)247 (129)114 (20)< 0.05257 (100)115 (20)< 0.05291 (105)140 (26)< 0.05
Transit time (ms)462 (356)248 (111)NS653 (228)415 (209)< 0.05722 (203)671 (163)NS
  • Data are mean (SD).

  • LPV, left pulmonary vein; RPV, right pulmonary vein.