Table 1

Estimated relative risk of cardiovascular disease event in renal transplants recipients. Impact of individual risk factors.7

Risk factor Increase relative risk
• Age3% per annum
• Diabetes2-fold
• Male2-fold
• Pre-existing IHD, PVD or CVD5–10-fold
• Smoking2-fold
• Graft failure5-fold
• BP ( > 160/100 v < 130/80 mm Hg)1.5-fold
• Total cholesterol (> 7.4 v < 4.2 mmol/l)2-fold
Other risk factors (unknown relative risk)
• Homocysteine
• Lp (a)
• Parathyroid hormone
• Anaemia
• C-reactive protein
• Acute rejection episodes
  • BP, blood pressure; CVD, cardiovascular disease; IHD, ischaemic heart disease; PVD, peripheral vascular disease.