Table 1

Changes in symptomatic status, exercise time, and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient with different pacing modalities

No pacingRV pacingBiventricular pacing
Symptomatic status was assessed using heart failure questionnaire. Exercise time according to standard Bruce protocol.
NYHA functional classIIIIIIII
Symptomatic status 76 59 41
QRS duration (ms)140200188
Exercise time (s)228180358
LVOT gradient (mm Hg) 85 3425